The proclaimed policy of sustainable development includes a “green economy” approach in national legislation. New tendency shows interrelation of International Environmental Law not only with the Law of Economy, but as well with the International Human Rights Law. So, in 2019 the Supreme Court of the Netherlands issued a decision stating that the Dutch government has failed to reduce greenhouse gases and therefore is responsible for the severe impact on the lives and welfare of the residents of the Netherlands. The European Court of Human Rights in a number of cases founded violation of Art. 2 and Art. 8 of the ECHR due to the non-compliance with states environmental obligations. The presentation will provide for an overview of the jurisprudence of international and national courts on right to a healthy environment. It emphasizes the implementation of the international environmental obligations on the national level in order to archive the sustainable development of Russia.