Government and STF facing violations of the rights of vulnerable groups in the Brazilian pandemic scenario and the threat of crime against humanity

Inequality and difficulties in the enjoyment of rights that threaten vulnerable groups in Brazil have been amplified in the context of the pandemic. Such threats, however, do not stem from their “natural” condition of vulnerability, but from deliberate actions by the Brazilian government that, ignoring constitutional norms and recommendations from the OAS, UN, and IACHR, have been disproportionately aggravating the living conditions of these groups. In the context of COVID, the judicialization of politics and responses from the Supreme Court, distance from the traditional checks and balances and activism and come close to the necessary institutional reaction to extermination practices. The purpose of this paper is to evaluate, through examples, whether government actions and protective decisions of STF converge with international human rights protection documents and are apt to rule out the possible characterization of crimes against humanity.