Global Participatory Democracy ‘Without Shortcuts’

In this paper, I will start where the recent book by Cristina Lafont (2020) ends, namely with the claim that excluding people's participation in decision-making is not justified. The aim of this paper is to ask what a participatory deliberative democracy would look like in the global realm. In particular, I will explore the question of whether it is possible to directly apply Lafont's participatory conception of deliberative democracy to get global democracy, or whether, in contrast, a more sophisticated conception of democracy beyond states is necessary, involving, for example, crowdsource mechanisms or the use of mini-publics to engage people in global deliberation.