The identity of a nation can be determined from many things, one of them through geographical indication. Geographical indication is a sign indicating the origin of an item and / or product. As part of intellectual property rights, geographical indications can also be interpreted as the identity of a nation because the determining factors of geographical indication are factors that are also the identity of a nation such as geographical environment, natural factors, human factors, or a combination of the two factor. All these factors provide a reputation and quality, as well as certain characteristics of the goods and / or products produced. Through these goods and products, the introduction of a nation is created. This paper will describe the importance of geographical indication as the identity of the nation and how intellectual property rights act as the nation’s development capital.