GENDER INCLUSION IN CHILEAN FREE TRADE AGREEMENTS

Chile is well-known for its aggressive open trade policy, which has evolved to comprehensive international instruments. Lately, Chile has become pioneer in the inclusion of gender-perspective into trade agreements by the addition of gender-related chapters into FTAs with Canada, Uruguay, and Argentina, and in the Pacific Alliance work. We analyze declarations and legal texts to look into the motivations and impact of gender inclusion. Their non-binding characteristics -not subject to dispute resolution mechanisms- suggest that their inclusion reflects governments political will, with no or little legal or economic relevance. Nevertheless, they may become stepping-stone towards a gender-oriented trade policy.