From the emergency to the recovery: The State’s support to enterprises

In 2020, in order to limit the negative impact of the Covid-19 pandemic, every State took measures to support private and public enterprises, through the provision of public guarantees on bank loans and financial aids. The paper aims to analyze, in comparative perspective, those public efforts, taking into consideration the Italian and European administrative actions to ease public and private investments. In this perspective, it considers the emergency measures to save the economy. In 2021, on the contrary, the public action seems to focus on the innovation and development of the economic system. As a consequence, the paper examines the administrative reforms conceived to support enterprises in the Italian system, especially those provided by the Recovery Plan, in comparison with the reforms proposed in other European countries.