Freedom of assembly between rationing and expression: post-transformational law in Poland

Freedom of assembly, as belonging to a sphere of fundamental political rights and freedoms, creates the basis for the functioning of a democratic society. This era has begun for the Polish citizens in 1990, with establishing the new statute on the assembly. Nowadays, the given freedom of assembly is detailed in the provisions of ordinary laws, headed by the 2015 statute on assemblies introducing the types of assemblies (assemblies, cyclical assemblies, spontaneous assemblies). The paper aims to indicate the basic mechanisms that determine the legal institution of assemblies in its evolution since 1990. We also hope to deliver some answers to the question about the balance between rationing limits and a need for expression, especially in view of contemporary challenges.