Forensic DNA phenotyping and the rule of law: an ontological approach

Opinions continue to be divided in the scientific community on the practical application of forensic DNA phenotyping (FDP), the new and evolving technique of forensic genetics. Supporters of FDP hold that the true value of this investigatory tool lies in the scientific prediction of the unknown perpetrators (or corpses) externally visible characteristics, the application of which should be measured in accordance with strong legislative guarantees, and should be limited to serious crime, given the current stage of its development. By contrast, its objectors want to exclude FDP from criminal proceedings, claiming that it raises a number of human rights issues, and its actual role in detecting the unknown perpetrator (or corpse) is currently uncertain. This panel presentation approaches the following question from an ontological point of view: Is there room for FDP in the criminal justice system based on the rule of law?