The implementation of the Migration Pact will be highly operationally challenging as the screening and border procedures, relocations and returns can be properly implemented only provided Member States are sufficiently equipped, capacitated and trained. The new equipment, facilities, procedures and extra staff will create additional costs which will mostly fall on shoulders of frontline Member States and Member States where most relocations will take place. Insufficient investment in screening and border procedures will result in poor implementation of the Migration Pact and serious violations of third-country nationals’ rights. It will also trigger increased discontent of frontline Member States and mutual accusations among Member States and EU institutions. The aim of this contribution is to assess the financial implications of the Migration Pact and consider whether they will facilitate better implementation of the Pact or create additional challenges.