Fidelity to the Multicultural Transformation: the harm of using stereotypes

Following the return to democracy in the eighties, Latin American constitutions incorporated human rights treaties and embraced multicultural values. This constitutional change could be interpreted to entail an egalitarian commitment to both redistribute wealth and recognize disadvantaged groups. However, governments from across the political spectrum enforced multicultural constitutions favoring recognition of ethno-racial diversity over claims of redistribution of wealth.
Using empirical evidence of the profiling of poor young brown boys in the City of Buenos Aires as a case study, I argue that crime prevention law is unfaithful to the egalitarian imperative of multicultural constitutions, even in its most reduced form—the one attending solely to the recognition of diverse groups without any redistribution. I claim that crime prevention standards betray equality because they assume that disadvantaged groups are fixed entities instead of groups disadvantagized through stereotypes.