This paper analyzes the main episodes in Chilean history that have led to establishing a new political order, understood as “constituent moments” (Ackerman 1991, Frank 2010). We emphasize the political projects of the losing side during the critical junctures that resulted from these intense political struggles. Identifying the losers in constitutional history, we argue, is key to illuminate the tensions that triggered each of the winning proposals that determine the political history of the country. Following Bruce Ackerman’s notions of constitutional dualism and constituent moments, as well as Pablo Ruiz-Tagle’s proposal to divide in five different “republics” the history of Chile, we analyze the main political projects defeated in the country's constitutional history.
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