Executive powers, democracy and participation (substitutes) in Latin America

Roberto Gargarella argues that the latest wave of constitutional reforms in Latin America did not go far enough in advancing human rights because the reforms failed to reach what Gargarella calls the “engine room of the constitution.” The engine room consists of the power-granting provisions of constitution that determine the relative authority of governmental actors. Gargarella contends that the enshrinement of several additional rights in Latin American constitutions is undermined by a failure to reorganize power structures so as to ensure that these new rights will be enforced.