Ex-post evaluation, knowledge, and participation in new and backsliding democracies

The literature in legisprudence and several reports studying national legislative and regulatory environments have expressed the need to link ex-ante assessment to ex-post evaluation of legislation. It is a technique that not only ensures that the legislative cycle is indeed viewed as a cycle, but it guarantees more quality in the legislative process. It provides for inclusiveness and a wide pool of information on the effectiveness and efficiency of and compliance with a particular piece of legislation. Judicial review is also required to ensure that lawmakers have both substantial and procedural quality in mind while they draft, discuss, or modify a law.
This paper asks the question if these above considerations, which have mostly been based on more advanced countries, meet the reality in some new and backsliding democracies in Central Eastern Europe and the Balkan region. The answer is most probably negative; the paper intends to discuss the reasons.