Evaluating the Possible Long-Term Effects of the Pandemic in the Finnish Constitution

To evaluate the long-term effects of the Covid-19 crisis for Finnish constitutional law, some features of the crisis legislation and practices need to be recognized. Among them, the use of various soft sources of law as restrictive measures and certain grey zones of law between emergency and ordinary laws.
This paper addresses impending changes to Finland’s fundamental rights system during the pandemic. The legislative actions taken have included both restrictions and derogations of fundamental rights. A state of emergency has prevailed twice during the pandemic, entailing exceptions to a number of fundamental rights. Moreover, the legislation on communicable diseases has been amended, introducing restrictions on certain rights for limited periods.
The paper analyses transformed mechanisms of constitutional divisions, limitations and conflicts, seeking a legally sound balance between individual rights and collective goods with a view to the democratic sustainability of governance.