“Europeanising” the Spanish Constitution after 35 years of the accession

Although the Spanish Constitution was drafted with the idea of taking part in the EU integration process, no EU clause was introduced in constitutional text. Later attempts to introduce a specific constitutional clause showing Spanish attachment to the European project have also failed, as the Spanish Constitution has only been modified twice for very concrete purposes. As a result, the Spanish Constitution makes no reference to the EU project, it leaves a certain leeway for the Spanish Constitutional Court to decide on the integration of EU law in the national legal order and it does not provide for specific institutional arrangements making the Spanish government accountable for its European decisions, a problem that is common to the other Member States. This paper seeks to propose a modification of the Spanish Constitution introducing a European clause that would provide for better democratic control of the national government´s decisions at the European level.