In Europe, Latin America, and Asia, constitutions have emerged as powerful instruments for breaking with centralized, authoritarian governance and constructing democratic, checks and balances government. Yet, this form of transformative constitutionalism remains unrealised in many of the former Soviet republics. With the exception of the Baltic states, most have rejected transformative constitutionalism and instead have built centralized super-presidential systems. Underpinning this authoritarian resilience is a deeply-rooted discourse that views centralism as the best strategy for a strong state. To be successful, constitutionalism must show that it offers a better path to building a strong state.