ESTONIA, THE DIGITAL NATION – REFLECTIONS ON A DIGITAL CITIZEN’S RIGHTS.

The impact of digitalisation is on everyone’s lips and mind.
In Estonia, 99 % of public services are available online. 98 % of people submit their income tax return online, 99 % of health data is digitised. At parliamentary elections 2019, 44 % of the votes were cast online. As the Estonian president says: „Estonia is the only digital nation state“.
Does rights’ protection in a such country need a new approach? Does a digital society have to leave behind the principle ideas of private life and informational self-determination? I aim to propose possible answers to serve as a basis for further discussion.
Only recently, after many years of civil service, where I lastly worked as legal advisor to the President of Estonia, I decided to dedicate myself fully to my academic career. Likewise, my approach aims to provide an overview of „e-Estonia” in „sensu lato”, including its political and cultural roots. This allows for a better comprehension also of the respective legal regulations.