We propose a new approach to judicial review of equal protection, one that offers vulnerable minorities more inclusivity than the prevailing American doctrine of suspect classifications. Building on Dr. Drymiotou’s original theory of the Right to Equal Democratic Belonging in a Democratic Society, we explain that her concept of institutionalized political disadvantage has two distinct functions in the analysis of equal protection cases. First it provides a criterion for analysis of the scope of the right to equal belonging. A finding of institutionalized political disadvantage would establish a prima facie violation of this right and compel judges to ask if the restriction of the right is justified in a democratic society. At this justification stage, the second function of the criterion shifts the judicial lens to the political institution, responsible for the prima facie violation. This function would call judges for considering the representation and participation of the vulnerable minority in the relevant political institution. The greater the disadvantage of the vulnerable minority in the political institution, the more rigorous judicial review should be.
Our 2020 Annual Conference was scheduled to be held at the University of Wrocław in Poland on July 9-11, 2020.
Due to the COVID-19 pandemic, the ICON·S Executive Committee has decided to postpone our 2020 Conference to 2021. Our next Annual Conference will take place from July 8-10, 2021, in Wrocław, Poland.
Procedural details regarding the organization of the 2021 Conference will follow in the months ahead.Join ICON•S