Empresas y derechos humanos en el Sistema Interamericano

Business corporations can and do violate all kind of human rights all over the world and Latin America is not the exception. Businesses’ social and economic power had overgrown the legal structures that regulated them. In response to this situation, and although the Inter American Human Rights System passive jurisdiction is limited to states, the Court and Commission have recognized direct obligations correlative to the rights protected in the American Convention over businesses and other non-state actors; expressly declared the violation of human rights by those non-state actors; and ordered or recommended reparations measures that suppose the direct involvement of businesses that negatively impacted the rights of the victims. This jurisprudence deserves to be studied in order to evaluate its effectiveness, if it is part of the mandate of this regional system of human rights, and understand the reasoning that lead these organs to allocate direct human rights obligations on businesses.