Accounts of constitutional interpretation in comparative constitutional law consist of literatures drawing on Bobbitt’s account of US constitutional interpretation rooted in interpretive tools (text, purpose, history & precedent, principle, structure) & describing constitutional court jurisprudence in strategic terms in which interpretation is secondary. This paper bridges these different approaches & builds a contemporary account around: (a) the overarching political & legal context of the court (peace & transitional justice, federalism, aversive constitutionalism, democratic backsliding, social transformation, popular constitutionalism & the dominant legal professional culture), (b) internal aids (statutory v. constitutional interpretation, living constitutionalism, text/history/precedent, purposive/teleological interpretation, founding provisions & preambles, directive principles, unamendability) & (c) external aids (regional human rights treaties & courts, & international law).
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