Elaborating Climate Litigation

This paper will address aspects of challenges and opportunities for climate change litigation from a comparative perspective to pursue a better response to climate change.
We have been witnesses to challenges and opportunities for climate litigation, including recent cases such as the Urgenda case (December 20, 2019) and Juliana case (January 17, 2020).
This paper will pose some questions/issues of the potential for Japan’s climate litigation other jurisdictions would share.
First, how do we challenge environmental impact assessment procedural illegalities?
Second, how do we overcome a standing issue to claim that the government has obligations to respond to climate change?
In conclusion, this paper argues the potential of climate litigation heavily relied on the sophisticated interpretation of laws including constitutional rights, supported by reasonings that connect policy options with the development of technology and social mechanisms.