El Estatuto de Roma de la Corte Penal Internacional y su empleo por parte de los tribunales chilenos (1998-2018)

The 20 years of the Rome Statute make it possible to reflect on the influence it has had on Chilean judicial practice in the investigation, prosecution and punishment of crimes against international law.
Although the Rome Statute, by express provision is not applicable for cases that occurred prior to its validity, and the Chilean ratification only took place in 2009, this instrument has had a great influence on national doctrine and jurisprudence, especially for the Supreme Court, when accounting for the concepts of the general and special part of International Criminal Law.
Coinciding with the ruling of the Inter-American Court of Human Rights in the case “Almonacid Arellano v. Chile”, the Rome Statute has begun to emerge as an instrument of great importance for various decisions of the Chilean courts. In this way, we will review some judgments and jurisprudential lines that, under their influence, have allowed us to deal with crimes against humanity in a better way.