Effective judicial protection in the digital age

In particular, judicial review of administrative action requires changes, both legal and non-legal, in order to be aligned with the new context. Public bodies are meant to be now digital bodies, thus allegedly improving transparency and efficiency of public action. Artificial intelligence is here becoming a relevant instrument to help take decisions but also to completely substitute the decision taken by a human being. Judicial review needs to take account of this reality and be able to control public action under the new circumstances. Doubts arise as to whether the judiciary is fit for the digital age and reforms are necessary to face the new scenario. Furthermore, the judiciary itself is slowly introducing this type of digital tools. An important issue concerns human resources, as public bodies and the judiciary still follow very classical structures and recruitment systems that may not be as adequate as they should be for the digital age.