ECI and the question of participation

This presentation will concentrate on the question of participation and will thus address the “who’s” of the ECI. It will adapt two inter-related perspectives: a descriptive and analytical. I will look at the main actors involved in an ECI: the initiators, Commission, Parliament, and in cases of an appeal, Ombudsman and the CJEU. However, owing to the in-depth analysis of institutions provided in other presentations, the role, responsibilities and potential reform of the institutions will be addressed from a holistic perspective. Instead, this presentation will provide a more in-depth discussion of the nature, rights and responsibilities of organizers. It will also concentrate on how these have developed in recent years and how such responsibilities change at every stage of the ECI. Second, and against this backdrop, the presentation will introduce the broader concepts of democracy the creators of the ECI have envisaged.