Early Lawfare in Mexico: the desafuero process of 2005

Almost 16 years ago, were instated to remove the immunity of the Mayor of Mexico City, Andrés Manuel López Obrador. The desafuero process was nothing more than an articulation of Lawfare to prevent the most popular elected official from running for office at the 2006 federal elections. Moreover, that process gave us an insight on the status of the intervention of federal bodies in local governments and especially Mexico City. It is also an account of the ambivalent nature of anti-corruption statutes which sometimes sacrifice due process and habilitate selective use of criminal procedures. The main purpose of this paper is to expose the way in which this lawfare was articulated and the effects that its rejection had on mobilizing a Constituent Assembly to guarantee greater autonomy of the city through its 2018 constitution, although from a top to bottom approach.