E-voting, constitutional principles and European standards. Some remarks on the implementation of e-voting in the Italian constitutional system.

ICT has an increasing influence on public life, accentuated by the current pandemic. Nevertheless, its impact on the citizens’ right to vote is full of challenges and risks: the introduction of e-voting demands the fulfillment of several requirements in order to maintain appropriate security and transparency levels and citizen trust in electoral processes. This challenge is particularly demanding in those constitutional systems, such as Italy, where the principles of democratic voting – universality, personality, equality, freedom and secrecy  are intended in a very strict way. The paper aims to analyse the recent attempt of Italian legislature to introduce, on an experimental basis, e-voting methods for elections and referendums. It aims to reflect on the interpretation and balance of electoral constitutional principles, with reference to e-voting, in the framework of international standards (2017 CoE recommendation) and e-voting case law.