Do Non-State Actors Bear Obligations in the Area of Socio-Economic Rights? (Towards a Theory of Extraterritorial Obligations)

My paper provides a general outline of the conception of extraterritorial obligations (ETOs) of non-state actors (NSAs). It examines the specifics of attributing various types of ETOs to IGOs, TNCs, NGOs, and foundations (remedial and global, interactional and institutional, obligations of result and obligations of conduct, and obligations of relational and distributive justice). The paper analyzes major arguments against the recognition of NSAs’ positive obligations and offers counter-arguments. I develop an idea that NSAs, as “social organs” having certain social mission, should contribute to the realization of shared positive ETOs and specify basic principles for distributing ETOs among various NSAs.