Do Egyptian Judicial Practices Constitute the Major Force to Protect the Rule of Law

The 2014 Egyptian Constitution was drafted after the fall of the Muslim Brotherhood as an amendment to the 2012 Constitution but did not meet the expectations of the public who revolted against two regimes in less than four years for its existence. The fundamental principles of the Constitution affirm the rule of law, constitutional democracy, protection of human rights, and distributions of power. However, there were many challenges regarding the implementation of several promising constitutional articles and the judiciary played a major role in processing this implementation. As such, the tangled relationship between constitutional principles and the rule of law influenced the legal development of a rights framework in Egypt tremendously and incited the emergence of a diversified body of jurisprudence in the interpretation and practice of constitutional rights. The question which requires attention is: what is the role of the judge in this implementation process?