Rosalind Dixon will offer commentary, including by drawing on her recent work on hybrid models of proportionality and tiered scrutiny in Australia. Specifically, she will draw on her recent argument in the (Australian) Federal Law Review that proposes a test of ‘calibrated proportionality’, which looks to a range of context-specific factors and constitutional values to help calibrate the intensity of the Court’s application of the tests of ‘necessity’ and ‘adequacy in the balance’ under a test of structured proportionality.