Digital Citizenship and Digital Twins

Digital citizenship is seen as the next step for the digital inclusion of millions of European citizens and further the development of digital twins, the real-time representation of companies and individuals. Digital citizenship refers on the one hand to the ability to use the Internet skilfully and critically; and on the other, to the ability to use digital technology to participate in society from a democratic and economic perspective. However, digital citizenship lacks a legal framework. Unlike traditional citizenship, digital citizenship is not defined as a form of membership of a nation-state. For example, Estonia grants digital citizenship to individuals who participate in its economy without conferring typical citizen rights. This paper defines digital citizenship, explores its possible legal framework within EU Law and the Digital Rights Declaration, and its importance for the conceptualization of digital twins.