Democracy: government of, with and for the human person.

What approach to democracy is best for the development of public activity and democratic life? There are two dominant perspectives about the preconditions and functions of democracy: On the one hand, the notion of democracy that departs from nihilist and relativist postulates by which the former is portrayed as a procedure to legitimize any deontic phenomenon. On the other, and in contradistinction with the procedural notion of democracy, there is the so-called militant democracy, that deems it as a form of government of, with and for the human person. This notion is key for a political regime that takes seriously human fallibility and hence, it aligns with Adorno’s imperative that Auschwitz should never happen again. This is a type of democracy that moves around the heuristic feature of human dignity to solve practical dilemmas, as shown by Habermas and Ballesteros. A democracy that is lived and portrayed as such constitutes a guarantee for a genuine development of what is public.