Democracy Decay in Brazil: How the Military and Judges Interfere in Growing Authoritarianism

The paper will describe and analyze how, in the thirty years of the Brazilian Constitution of 1988, military and judges have acted as political elites who have pressured, advised, and interfered in political issues in order to change the social-democratic landscape. It will approach the parallel empowerment of the judiciary, detailing how it has contributed to the constitutional crises surrounding Brazil. Considering the return of the military to Brazilian politics, this work will present the different positions and prominent government posts that were allocated to the military during the Temer administration. It will cover the strong participation of military in the 2018 elections for the executive and legislative branches, including Bolsonaro’s presidential victory and the formation of the cabinet. Finally, it will establish the different relationships that can be described between the courts and the military.