Democracy and trust in Covid-19 epidemic governance—A comparative study on China and Taiwan

Contrary to Fukuyama’s argument, the third wave of Democratization does not quiet down challenges on democracy. Especially in times of crisis, democracy has been criticized for bringing unnecessary delays and inefficient governance. The recent emergence of “neo-authoritarian” further challenges democracy since authoritarian can deliver better governance.
In the Covid-19 epidemic, China and Taiwan both faced severe threats and immediately took responding measures. China continues its authoritarian traditions and takes the most effective measures it believed, while Taiwan presents a democratic model that concerns transparency, multiple interests, due process, and rights protection. A comparative study on their performance on epidemic prevention may shed light on the debate of democratic governance in times of emergency.
A comparative study on epidemic responses of Taiwan and China suggests democracy may better build trust and governance capacity in times of emergency.