Cross-border education as a tool to build up bonds of trust between European citizens: the uncertain future of a European identity policy

The EU-institutions and the Member States have promoted tools of cooperation both horizontally and vertically in the education area. The goals of these policies are to stimulate the development of a right to education that can allow the acquisition of new skills by EU citizens and educate the younger generations to the EU values and respect for the different cultural identities of Member States. The relevance of the right to education for the construction of the European identity is confirmed by art. 9 TFEU, art. 14 of the EUCFR and the Title XII of the TFUE. The European education system promotes student mobility and allows for constant dialogue between citizens, Member States and EU-institutions. However, the crisis has brought some changes to the mobility of EU students. Does the primary role of the student in developing trust both vertically and horizontally continue despite multiple EU crises? This is the question to be answered.