COVID-19 Legal Challenges in North Macedonia

COVID-19 has posed unprecedented challenge not only for health system, but also for legal system all over the world. This paper will analyze the legal challenges, North Macedonia has been facing because of COVID-19 pandemic. In 2020, when the pandemic started, the Parliament of North Macedonia was dissolved and pre-term elections were called. The President of the Republic proclaimed state of emergency. The interim Government was challenged to respond efficiently to the pandemic and its consequences, by using minimal restrictions of human rights. The paper will analyze the issue of balancing the values of constitutionalism with the need of efficient measures to deal with the pandemic in North Macedonia. The taken measures will be analyzed from the point of their compliance with the case law of the European Court of Human Rights. The paper will also assess the current measures adopted after the state of emergency and their influence on rule of law and democratic principles.