Countering “sharp power”: First thoughts on a theory of constitutional security

Recent years have seen China projecting its political and economic might around the
world. Using foreign aids, investment projects and the lure of its vest domestic
market as leverage, China is capable of distorting the public opinion and democratic
process of a foreign state. This author argues that the
concept of militant democracy is not the ideal starting point for building safeguard
mechanisms against “sharp power.” Inspired by Neo-republican
understanding of freedom as nondomination, this author proposes the idea of
constitutional security as an alternative. By emphasizing the importance of
preventing deterioration of existing constitutional standards, the idea of
constitutional security can serve as the theoretical basis of a comprehensive
safeguard mechanism against sharp power.