Constructing an Alternative to Anti-Constitutionalist Identity

The 2011 Hungarian constitution, called the Fundamental Law, characterises the community as an ethnic Hungarian and Christian nation. The communal identity rests on three pillars: religious considerations, historical elements, and the government’s strong anti-immigration stance. However, the ethnocultural identity offered by the Fundamental Law allows only some and not all people to believe that they are part of the same political community. Thus, it seems improbable that this communal identity would be in harmony with EU law. For Hungary to comply with the EU law, the adoption of a new democratic constitution suitable for integrating the disunited nation would be required to offer a new communal identity. When constructing this identity, the local peculiarities of constitutionalism and the universal values should be taken into account.