Constitutionally Right: the case for personal care robots

The diffusion of robotic applications in healthcare exposes a public-private discord, where private entities have an important role in safeguarding public values. The research adopts a socio-techno-legal approach to address the discord by investigating the possibilities and limitations of embedding values into the algorithmic design of healthcare robots. Initially, the research investigates the state of the art for robots used in healthcare and maps the legal and social disruption that the technology is causes. Then, it delves into the concept of fundamental rights as values and how this technology interacts with and impacts them. Moreover, the research investigates how abstract concepts like fundamental rights can be operationalized in order to be computable and reveals limitations thereof. Finally, the research offers a framework for computing fundamental rights into the algorithmic design of robots used in healthcare practices.