Constitutionalism and the Metropolis

Drawing and expanding upon my work in CITY, STATE, I discuss the implications of urbanization not only for the constitutional role of cities but also with regard to how 20th century constitutionalism must adjust to a world that is much more crowded and urbanized. The world is becoming bigger, denser, and more interconnected. Compared to prior moments in human civilization, people are living on top of one another both physically and virtually. As a result, scholars must reconsider liberal notions of liberty and government. Rights of speech, property, gun ownership, etc. cannot be exercised in a densely urban or technologically connected world in the way they once were when the nearest neighbor was a couple of kilometers away. This reconsideration is necessitated by nothing less than human freedom, ingenuity, and mobility.