Constitutional Transformation of Women’s Rights in Kyrgyzstan

The public fight for women’s rights in independent Kyrgyzstan dates back to the 90s when a delegation of gender activists first took part in the Beijing Platform for Action. Since then, Kyrgyzstan has gradually acceded to the leading international treaties on women’s rights. In this regard, the country has begun to harmonize and develop national legislation per the standards of gender equality and non-discrimination by mainstreaming gender into its policy and legal framework. Even though the current Constitution declares that men and women have equal rights and freedoms, the actual figure appears to be far off the mark.
This paper will analyze the gender aspects in Kyrgyzstan’s constitutional and sub-constitutional legal design. The study begins with an overview of how the gender equality concept has been constitutionalized and integrated into Kyrgyzstan’s legislation, followed by an assessment of the effectiveness of the implementation of gender-sensitive legislation in Kyrgyzstan.