The abortion rulings of the Polish Constitutional Court of 1997, 2015, and 2020 are based on the same constitutional reasoning. They recognize the rights of the fetus but ignore women's constitutional rights to self-determination while emphasizing women's obligations to the conceived child. Poland is the only country in the CEE region accepting the indication model that does not allow abortion without cause. In 2020, despite mass protests, these indications were tightened and abortion due to fetal defects was practically excluded. So what are the chances of changing the predominant understanding of abortion as a moral wrong towards its recognition as an element of reproductive health care and substantive gender equality in Poland?