Constitutional redrafting in Venezuela and Chile

Latin America is a region that has seen many constitutions replaced in the context of democratic regimes, including through constituent assemblies convoked to those ends (such as in Colombia, Bolivia, Ecuador, and Venezuela). The recent Chilean experience arrives at a time when reflections about the benefits and risks of constitutional reform are publicly discussed by different stakeholders. These discussions are happening as awareness increases about the fact that constitutional reform is not necessarily a panacea or a curse and that its effect on the consolidation and overall quality of democracy varies. Each country has its own experience that deserves to be weighed and analyzed on its own. But there is also cumulative comparative knowledge that can be developed about how these processes work, under what conditions and to what effects across different cases. This paper analyzes and compares the Constitutional redrafting processes in Venezuela 1999 and the current process in Chile.