Constitutional Identity in the Czech Republic – A Stable Protection Against Populism and Democratic Backsliding?

The Czech Constitution is in many respects a typical transitional constitution, with many reflections on the previous undemocratic regimes. The aim of the paper is to analyse to what extent it is the result of the Czech Constitutional identity, or which concrete elements of Czech Constitutional Identity are source of the resistance of Czech institutions against undemocratic trends.
First the paper defines the Constitutional Identity in the Czech Republic both from the perspective of Czech Constitutional Law and European Law in order to identify the key components of Czech Constitutional Identity, important for democracy and rule of law, and their impact on Czech constitutional practice. The second part will then be dedicated to analysis of functioning of mechanisms protecting Czech Constitution against undemocratic tendencies and breaches of rule of law (composition of Parliament, separation of powers, Constitutional Court), both from perspective of constitutional and European law.