Constitutional convergences between Spain and Germany: past, present and future

The vestiges of the Grundgesetz in the Spanish constitution are seen in the form of the State (social and democratic state under the rule of law), the type of government (rationalized parliamentarian system), and the defining elements of the fundamental rights (the direct effect and the respect to the essential content). Furthermore, despite the open discussion about the federal nature of the current Spanish horizontal distribution of power, we can find the German influence on that constitutional element too, including the so-called instrument of federal coercion recently activated in Spain. The object of this contribution is to identify the analogies between both constitutional texts and to deepen in the study of these two constitutional siblings. The convergences in the development of both texts under the European Union, that have been defined several times by a shared defence of the corresponding national identity.