Constitutional Control on State of Emergency during Covid-19

The COVID-19 pandemic, since its declaration as such by the World Health Organization on 11 March 11 2020, has led to unprecedented efforts by the States to contain the virus and protects their populations. To this end the governments around the world have implemented all kinds of urgent measures, in many cases within the framework of a state of emergency. Undoubtedly, sanitary contingency showed that many legislations did not have provisions regarding mandatory confinements or telework, even in the highest governmental entities within the framework of the suspension of essential rights. The occasion has been relevant in Ecuador, a country that a priori has a system of concentrated constitutional control, aimed to weigh the scope of the states of emergency declarations within democratic regimens and a contingency that, for several months now, has assumed predictable and permanent characteristics over time.