Marx’s famous phrase holds that history repeats itself, “the first time as tragedy, the second as farce.” The phrase seems apt for the two Constituent Assemblies in Venezuela over the past twenty years: Hugo Chavez’s in 1999 and Nicolas Maduro’s in 2017. While constitution-making moments are sometimes romanticized as the high point of democratic constitutionalism, in Venezuela each of these two assemblies has helped — in first a tragic and then a farcical way — to construct or deepen Venezuela’s slide towards authoritarianism.
Our next Annual Conference will take place from July 6-9, 2021. It will be held in a completely novel way as a fully online Conference: ICON•S Mundo.
The Call for Papers for ICON•S Mundo is available here. Submissions for papers and panels must be made by May 1, 2021.
Log into your ICON•S account and apply for ICON•S Mundo by submitting your proposal.Apply for ICON•S Mundo