In most cases, private foundations see themselves as development partners rather than mere donors and seek close involvement with advocacy strategies and policy discussions. Usually, donors care most for their domestic customers and their image at home than for the interests of the final recipients. The lack of monitoring and liability mechanisms prevents philanthropic foundations to be held accountable for contributing money to programme goals that are shaped to meet their interests rather than supporting the goals of the community in question. Potential problems are exacerbated by the fact that criminal justice is usually thought to be a core function of the state which should resist privatisation, and that the governments in transition are extremely vulnerable. We will investigate tentative remedial strategies such as transparency, negative lists, and due diligence.