Commander in Chief across Policy Dimensions: Theoretical Flaws of Independent Military Executive

Christopher Berry and Jacob Gersen, in their article The Unbundled Executive, propose an independent military executive. They argue that an independent military executive outperforms a unitary executive on constitutional values such as accountability, rapid response and speaking with one voice, energy, balance of power and uniformity. However, this thesis is based on the flawed premise that the military executive will work within one single policy dimension. On the contrary, the military literature shows that almost all types of contemporary military operations listed by the US Department of Defense are conducted across multiple policy dimensions. At a result, the military executive must coordinate with other agencies to achieve its missions. This will reduce the clarity of accountability of the military executive and undermine other constitutional values without good coordination. Therefore, the proposal for an independent military executive is undesirable.