Collective trauma, political impunity and challenges for psychosocial recovery in Ecuador

This contribution aims at investigating to what extent and how collective trauma has occurred to protesters during the October 2019 pacific demonstrations in Ecuador. I will address the importance of access to justice and early and politically sensitive psychosocial interventions for victims. The analysis will include an examination of the new forms of State violence in Ecuador and its psychosocial consequences. The study´s main hypothesis is that trauma survivors in Ecuador have been affected by traumatic effects and secondary victimization due to 1) the impunity of the State agents, 2) the lack or insufficient access to physical and psychological services, 3) stigmatisation and political intimidation. The psychosocial impacts of the current political violence in Ecuador and other Latin-American countries is under-researched. It is crucial to investigate these new forms of violence in order to ensure justice for victims as well as adequate and effective trauma and recovery services.