Choosing the guardians of the Constitution the case of Ecuador

How do politics shape which judges are confirmed to constitutional court in Ecuador? While there is ample evidence that judges are chosen for their political backgrounds or preferences, little is known about how they are selected from a slate of possible candidates. This study focuses on the politics of nomination and confirmation across different selection systems in Ecuador. As such, the paper delves into how these institutions mould the internal composition of courts, ultimately influencing behaviour of constitutional judges. Using an original dataset on the attributes of the winners and losers of the selection process, roll call votes, and variables related to the political context and the confirmation procedure, I find that differences in the institutions that initially select the judges play a role in who wins the confirmation. The nominators’ advantage has important implications for our understanding of the role of judicial selection on decision-making.